figure 1.jpeg

Figure 1_Human infrastructure transforms the city

Mobile Loitering: public infrastructure for a highly gendered urban context

Niger’s capital Niamey, like other cities in sub-Saharan Africa, is growing rapidly, and the implementation of the government’s current vision for the city–Niamey Nyala, or the ‘Niamey Beautiful’ plan–provides the impetus for this project. By navigating the line between formal and informal, permanent and fixed, the city is calibrated to increase the participation of women and girls in urban public life.

City Streets in Africa

Currently, unprecedented growth is transforming many urban areas in Africa. Strict colonial planning has given way to a more complex network of human infrastructure that has reshaped city streets to meet economic needs and satisfy social desires.1 Streets have become a mega-public space, and a source of infinite loopholes, to be exploited by a city’s inhabitants in imaginative ways. (Fig. 1)

But streets in many African cities cannot always be defined as ‘public’ in the traditional Western sense, as their occupation is often segregated along class, gender, or age lines. In the context of a Muslim city, situated in a predominantly Muslim (albeit secular) country, a woman’s presence outside of the home–for purposes other than running errands, conducting business, or going to school–is easily questioned by society. 'Mobile loitering', is one tactic developed by women and girls in Niamey to circumvent this type of public scrutiny. Women are able to inhabit the street by using their journey to and from social calls as a pretext, while enjoying relative privacy by simply remaining on the move. These flâneries féminines are a valued source of entertainment and knowledge in a city where little space is allocated to leisure or educational activities. (Fig. 2)

Designing Pretexts for Mobile Loitering

This proposal–a planned route through the city–formalizes mobile loitering as a camouflage and pretext, offering women and girls destinations/justifications for occupying city streets. A lightweight infrastructure marks the path, establishing a framework for ‘takeover’ actions, similar to those observed in the informal city. (Fig. 3)

Stations for fitness, group study, health education, and shopping, punctuate the four-mile route, connecting major public spaces currently used by Niamey’s youth. (Fig. 4) The route’s hallmark–a shading system made of local woven mats–hovers over exposed city streets. (Fig. 5) The activity stations generate varying levels of gender specificity depending on the amount of people at any given location. Amenities such as markets or fairs, for example, bring an influx of women to deserted parts of the city typically considered dangerous for females. (Fig. 6) In densely populated areas with higher levels of foot traffic, structured community led programs offer health education and mentoring solely for women and girls. (Fig. 7) Mixed gendered activities such as study carrels and fitness stations are situated along the route at regular intervals. (Fig. 8)

The proposed route establishes a gently subversive framework that introduces new possibilities for the women and girls of Niamey. Legitimizing and increasing the female presence in public will gradually change social prejudices over time.

Notes:

 1 AbdouMaliq Simone, For the City Yet to Come: Changing African Life in Four Cities, Duke University Press, Durham and London (2004)



Figure 2.jpg

Figure 2_Women on the street in Niamey

Figure 3.jpg

Figure 3_Informal takeover of street space

figure 4.jpg

Figure 4_Map of proposed route

figure 5.jpg

Figure 5_Typical street along the route

figure 6.jpg

Figure 6_The Women’s Market

figure 7.jpg

Figure 7_Outreach kiosk for young girls

figure 8.jpg

Figure 8_Outdoor study carrels

  • 178 Comments   –  Login to comment

  • jackman10

    jackman10 ·  Jan 20, 22 7:49 am

    Mooi Residences by WENUL HL PTE LTD . Freehold Luxury Condo. Hotline 61009266. Get Discounts, Direct Developer Price, Brochure, Floor Plan, Price List & More. Mooi Residences Showroom
  • jackman10

    jackman10 ·  Jan 20, 22 7:49 am

    Hyll on Holland by FEC. Hotline 61009266. Get Discounts, Direct Developer Price, Brochure, Floor Plan, Price List and More. Former Hollandia & Estoril Singapore Hyll on Holland Singapore 
  • jackman10

    jackman10 ·  Jan 20, 22 9:36 am

    The Atelier @ Makeway Ave by Bukit Sembawang Hotline 61009266. Get Discounts, Direct Developer Price, Brochure, Floor Plan, Price List & More. Former Makeway View The Atelier Floor Plan
  • ВиталийruruРоманов

    ВиталийruruРоманов ·  Feb 1, 22 7:07 am

    ????????? - ???????????? ??????????, ??????????? ? ?????? https://www.putevkaru.ru/

  • ВиталийruruРоманов

    ВиталийruruРоманов ·  Feb 1, 22 7:08 am

    PutevkaRU - booking of sanatoriums, boarding houses and hotels https://www.putevkaru.ru/ 

  • hustingee

    hustingee ·  Feb 17, 22 11:55 am

    Me and my team from 

    <a href=”https://www.lawnservicessg.com”>Grass Cutting Singapore</a> would love to go to Africa one day to witness all these amazing places!

  • hustingee

    hustingee ·  Feb 17, 22 11:57 am

    Me and my team from <ahref=”https://www.lawnservicessg.com”>Grass Cutting Singapore</a> would love to go to Africa one day to witness all these amazing places 
  • hustingee

    hustingee ·  Feb 17, 22 11:58 am

    www.lawnservicessg.com
  • jackman10

    jackman10 ·  Mar 29, 22 8:35 am

    Hyll on Holland by FEC. Hotline 61009266. Get Discounts, Direct Developer Price, Brochure, Floor Plan, Price List and More. Former Hollandia & Estoril Singapore Hyll on Holland 
  • jackman10

    jackman10 ·  Mar 29, 22 8:35 am

    Normanton Park by Kingsford Huray. Hotline 61009266. Get Discounts, Direct Developer Price, Brochure, Floor Plan, Price List & More. Former Normanton Park HUDC. Normanton Park Condo
  • jackman10

    jackman10 ·  Mar 29, 22 8:35 am

    Irwell Hill Residences by CDL. Hotline 61009266. Get Discount, Direct Developer Price, Brochure, Floor Plan And Price List. Luxury Condo at Irwell Bank Singapore Irwell Hill Residences Floor Plan
  • jackman10

    jackman10 ·  Mar 29, 22 8:35 am

    The Commodore At Canberra by JBE. Hotline 61006226. Get Discounts, Direct Developer Price, Brochure, Floor Plan & Price List. The Commodore Floor Plan
  • jackman10

    jackman10 ·  Mar 29, 22 8:35 am

    AMBER SEA by Far East. Call 61006226. Get Discounts, Direct Developer Price, Brochure, Floor Plan, Price List.  Former Amber Glades Amber Sea Condo
  • jackman10

    jackman10 ·  Mar 29, 22 8:36 am

    Belgravia Ace by Tong Eng Group. Call 69004123. Get Discounts, Direct Developer Price, Brochure, Floor Plan, Price List & More. Belgravia Ace
  • jackman10

    jackman10 ·  Mar 29, 22 8:36 am

    Kovan Jewel by Soon Lian Realty. Hotline 61009266. Get Discounts, Direct Developer Price, Brochure, Floor Plan, Price List & More. Kovan Jewel Price
  • xyz1

    xyz1 ·  Mar 31, 22 2:55 am

    This is very interesting, but it is necessary to click on this link:  sell">https://metromilwaukeehomebuyer.com/">sell my house fast Milwaukee
  • xyz1

    xyz1 ·  Mar 31, 22 2:56 am

    https://metromilwaukeehomebuyer.com/ This is very interesting, but it is necessary to click on this link: 
  • xyz1

    xyz1 ·  Mar 31, 22 3:42 pm

    I use only high quality materials - you can see them at:  We">https://www.sellhousefastmke.com/">We Buy Houses Milwaukee
  • xyz1

    xyz1 ·  Apr 1, 22 12:35 am

    Such sites are important because they provide a large dose of useful information ...  Local">https://citationscheck.com/">Local Citation Building
  • xyz1

    xyz1 ·  Apr 1, 22 5:39 pm

    For many people this is important, so check out my profile:  Aircon">https://ezaircon.sg/">Aircon Servicing
  • xyz1

    xyz1 ·  Apr 1, 22 6:28 pm

    This is very interesting, but it is necessary to click on this link:  <a href="https://www.nvnvbeauty.com/">Nouvelle Nouveau</a>
  • jeeyajee

    jeeyajee ·  Apr 2, 22 2:38 am

    Therefore, if you are very new  Call Girl Services Lahore  in the city and know nothing about it, you can enjoy our Lahore escort service in your preferred location and destination. We collect feedback after  Sexy Girl in Lahore  the completion of each session in order to make our service more customer-centric.
  • jeeyajee

    jeeyajee ·  Apr 2, 22 2:39 am

    Our beautiful call girl services  Karachi are comfortable with any sensual and sexual encounter. Casting their magic erotic spell, they will take you to a utopian world of amorous pleasure where you will find  Karachi Escort Services   everything amazing and sensational.
  • levidevil

    levidevil ·  Apr 2, 22 8:12 am

    LUXURY CALL GIRLS Islamabad IN WITH GOAL TO SATISFY YOUR WISH.
    masoma is the most beautiful sexiest model who can satisfy all erotic requirement and make men awestruck. masoma is happy to do anything with her hourglass body which makes her clients happy. If you need to see masoma real picture before booking just connect us on the email or WhatsApp, will send you the latest pictures and you can book her without any doubt.
    There are no professional call girls in Islamabad within my team.For more Information vist our website

  • levidevil

    levidevil ·  Apr 2, 22 8:13 am

    The pleasing erotic fun offered by the platinum class Call girls in Islamabad is beyond your imaginations. My Islamabad escorts are always willing to fulfill your needs at any cost. And that is the success behind my call girl services in Islamabad. Regular clients will get notification about the arrival of fresh call girls and that will help them to have the fun as soon as they reached. Clients can take the call girls for incall or outcall service based on their need. I hope you understood about the quality level of our services. I am ready to convince you about the safety and security part of my call girls services in Islamabad.more Information vist our website

  • levidevil

    levidevil ·  Apr 2, 22 8:14 am

    Lahore is a busy city in Pakistan and here you can find different kinds Lahore Escorts Girls. looking for some source of enjoyment? If yes, then you need to try to Contact Lahore Escort Agency. Nowadays people have no time for their enjoyment because of heavy world load.
    High work loads are the main cause of anxiety and depression nowadays. In such case, you have to understand the importance of entertainment.
  • jeeyajee

    jeeyajee ·  Apr 4, 22 6:13 am

    All physical need total here, even  Lahore Escorts Service  you come here for get-away reason then our organization makes a guide or join forces with you till your ideal time, as a result of superb office the  Charming Girls in Lahore  model make long haul relationship with customer.
  • jeeyajee

    jeeyajee ·  Apr 4, 22 6:13 am

    Autonomous Escort realizes  Karachi Escorts Service   how to carry on with a great existence with flawlessness. Surely, you can encounter the genuine  Charming Girls in Karachi  love and dream with the escort girls.

     
     
  • judya.walters

    judya.walters ·  Apr 11, 22 4:19 am


  • judya.walters

    judya.walters ·  Apr 11, 22 4:20 am


    Its a really interesting and informative article for me. I appreciate your work and skills. Thanks for sharing! [URL=https://www.shopcelebswear.com/product/morbius-dr-michael-morbius-coat/]Dr. Michael Morbius Black Coat[/URL]
  • judya.walters

    judya.walters ·  Apr 11, 22 4:20 am


    Its a really interesting and informative article for me. I appreciate your work and skills. Thanks for sharing! [URL="https://www.shopcelebswear.com/product/morbius-dr-michael-morbius-coat/"]Dr. Michael Morbius Black Coat[/URL]
  • jeeyajee

    jeeyajee ·  Apr 16, 22 6:52 am

    I offer a different  call-girls-in-thokar-niaz-baig  types of flavors to capable your all excitement. If you need me for the soul, I am sleek, heating and sensitive female Escorts in Lahore. If you need me for the energy  call-girls-in-regency-in-hotel-lahore  I am welcoming, expectant and lively.
  • jeeyajee

    jeeyajee ·  Apr 16, 22 6:52 am

    They will make  sex-in-karachi   the table entertaining with their flirtatious attitude and sexy figure. Therefore, do not waste time and get your sexy abbe right with you to easily the  call-girls-in-gulistan-e-johar-karachi   true colors of love.
  • jeeyajee

    jeeyajee ·  Apr 19, 22 6:16 am

    I am offering all Karachi female escorts services.  call-girls-in-iqbal-town  No need to think more guys if you are in Karachi also because I am able to meet you in Bollywood City. All my services offered are amazing and cooperative just give  call-girls-in-pc-hotel   me a chance to show you the taste of my escort services.
  • jeeyajee

    jeeyajee ·  Apr 19, 22 6:17 am

    Well other is wild,  luxury-call-girls-in-karachi   when I get nectar I transform into an overpowering feeling that can eat you, squeeze you and ride you over and over until I got tremendous various climaxes.  call-girls-in-behria-town-karachi  So be cautious when you are setting a meeting with me when I perform similar to a escorts in karachi.
  • jackman10

    jackman10 ·  Apr 19, 22 9:33 am

    I discovered your blog post site on the internet and check many of your early posts. Keep the good operate. I merely additional your Rss to my MSN News Reader. Looking for forward to reading more on your part down the road!… baywind residences
  • jackman10

    jackman10 ·  Apr 19, 22 9:33 am

    Well, this Thursday I read through a couple of your posts. I must say this is one of your better ones.  Thanks a lot for currently being there for folks like me. sceneca residence 
  • jackman10

    jackman10 ·  Apr 19, 22 9:33 am

    As a web site owner I believe the material here is reallymagnificent. I appreciate it for your time. You should keep it up forever! Excellent Luck. kovan jewel
  • jackman10

    jackman10 ·  Apr 19, 22 9:33 am

    grat article but maybe please update this post with more detail, i really think this would help a lot of people. zyanya
  • jackman10

    jackman10 ·  Apr 19, 22 9:33 am

    grat article but maybe please update this post with more detail, i really think this would help a lot of people. zyanya
  • nomankhan

    nomankhan ·  May 11, 22 7:19 am

    great source of information about infrastructure and war about korea. 
    https://www.shoplectic.com/product/augusta-national-golf-club-masters-tournament-jacket/
  • jackman10

    jackman10 ·  May 24, 22 9:11 am

    In the awesome scheme of things you get  an A+ for effort and hard work. Exactly where you misplaced me ended up being in all the details. As people say, details make or break the argument.. And that couldn’t be much more correct right here. Having said that, permit me say to you precisely what did do the job. Your writing is certainly very persuasive which is possibly the reason why I am taking the effort in order to comment. I do not make it a regular habit of doing that. Secondly, even though I can easily see a leaps in reason you come up with, I am not necessarily certain of exactly how you appear to connect the ideas that produce the actual final result. For now I shall yield to your issue but trust in the near future you actually connect your dots better. service desk software
  • amazingvideos

    amazingvideos ·  May 30, 22 6:06 am

    this blog is very informative thanks to share with us i have a online business rleather jackets vist here https://rleatherjackets.com/product/new-york-yankees-purple-varsity-jacket/yankees varsity jackets
  • jackman10

    jackman10 ·  Jun 11, 22 12:17 pm

    I think this is among the most significant information for me. And i am glad reading your article. But wanna remark on some general things, The website style is wonderful, the articles is really great : D. Good job, cheers avenir
  • jackman10

    jackman10 ·  Jun 11, 22 12:18 pm

    My brother recommended I would possibly like this blog. He used to be totally right. This put up actually made my day. You cann’t consider simply how so much time I had spent for this information! Thanks! hyll on holland
  • jackman10

    jackman10 ·  Jun 11, 22 12:19 pm

    Pourquoi ne pas rapporter les valeurs annoncées les journées passées par l’état national? Au moins on aurait la possibilité de chicaner selon les vrais chiffres. midtown modern
  • jackman10

    jackman10 ·  Jun 11, 22 12:19 pm

    Depending on how well one knows the score, it can be said this rendition is not highly accurate and in some cases is downright sloppy.  At the least, completely affected playing. fourth avenue residences
  • jackman10

    jackman10 ·  Jun 11, 22 12:19 pm

    We are laughing at our heroes but secretly we are definitely rooting for them too. one bernam
  • jackman10

    jackman10 ·  Jun 11, 22 12:19 pm

    I discovered your site site on google and check a number of your early posts. Preserve on the top notch operate. I just extra increase RSS feed to my MSN News Reader. Looking for toward reading more from you later on!… park nova
  • jackman10

    jackman10 ·  Jun 11, 22 12:19 pm

    Wow! This can be one particular of the most useful blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Actually Excellent. I’m also an expert in this topic therefore I can understand your hard work. piccadilly grand
Next page » Loading